The U.S Virgin
Islands (USVI) are
St. Croix, St. John
and St. Thomas.
To the north and
St. John are the
Islands (BVI). They
are Tortola, Jost
Tortola is the
capital of the BVI.
St. Croix is one of
the few islands
that is completely
surrounded by the
Most islands are
touched by the
Atlantic Ocean on
Indians called the
island Ay Ay.
Columbus renamed it
changed it to St.
pronounce it as
St. Croy. St. Croix
is the largest of
the 3 USVI. The
eastern tip of the
island, Point Udall,
is said to be the
part of the USA.
Buck Island, to
the northeast of
Christiansted, boasts an
It was designated
as such by
A large chunk of
St. John is a
In my opinion,
St. John is the
most natural of
the 3 islands. I
island. St. John
has a lot of
St. Thomas is the
capital of the US
It's the cruise capital
of the Caribbean if
not the world. The
last weekend of
April, or first in May,
the island puts on
one hell of a party,
The Carnival is
very colorful and
|Post cards of the Virgin Islands and Flag
The current flag of the
U.S. Virgin Islands was
officially adopted in 1921.
As an unincorporated
territory of the United
States, the island's flag
features parts of the U.S.
seal. One eagle claw
holds three arrows,
representative of the
three major islands,
while the other claw
holds an olive branch.
For more information,
please go to
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The flags of Spain, England, Holland, France, Knights of Malta, Denmark and US, have flown over St. Croix.
A few dates of importance follow. Blue dates relate to St. Thomas or all 3 islands.
1493 - It is said that in November 1493, Columbus came across St. Croix. The natives called the island
"Ay Ay", Columbus named the island Santa Cruz (Holy Cross). Thinking he could get drinking water from
what looked like a river (Salt River), his men were attacked. Sailing northeast and passing St. Thomas,
St. John and Tortola, he named the islands Las Virgenes (The Virgins).
1625 - Holland and England settled the island. By 1642, Holland had the largest settlement.
1645 - The Dutch, English and French had settlements on the island. Conflicts broke out. The Dutch
and French settled Christiansted, the English in Frederiksted. It is said the Dutch governor took the life
of the English governor. Days later, the Dutch aggressor was fatally wounded. A new Dutch governor
was chosen and eventually the English governor was killed. The Dutch and French left the island and
settled on other islands.
1650 - English were driven out by a Spanish group from Puerto Rico. The Dutch tried to take the island
back but were defeated by Spaniards.
1650 - France took possession of the island.
1651 - A Knight of Malta bought St. Croix from the French. French and Knights settled the island. The
Knights eventually gave up the island, but gave the island the name St. Croix, which still remains to this
day. French build Fort St. Jean, which stands on the site we now call Fort Louise Augusta.
1665 - French West Indian Company bought St. Croix from the Knights.
1666 - Denmark colonize St. Thomas. The Danish West Indies Company controlled the group until 1755.
1671 - Fort Christian was built on St. Thomas.
1672 - The Danes founded the first permanent settlement, naming it Amalieborg or Charlotte Amalia,
after their queen.
1672 - To harvest sugar, the Danes began to depend on slavery and started importing slaves from Africa.
1674 - The French Crown took over possession of St. Croix.
1685 - Early governors gave their approval to use St. Thomas as a pirate refuge.
1695 - The French left St. Croix but maintained possession of the island. Other nations used the harbor.
1720 - English attempted to settle the island but were unsuccessful.
1727 - French renewed their claim to St. Croix.
1733 - The Danish West India and Guinea Company purchased island from French Crown.
1753 - Danish Crown took possession of the island.
1775 - With help of slavery, St. Croix's economy flourished. There was a population of about 10,000
with about 375 plantations growing sugar, cotton, indigo and tobacco.
1792 - The Danish government prohibited the slave trade; however, it continued to thrive. During the 18th
and 19th centuries, the USVI flourished as a center for the slave trade and as a sugar producer.
1800 - Frederick V, King of Denmark, bought the islands.
1801 - British captured St. Croix for a short time. Island was eventually returned to Denmark.
1801 - During the Napoleonic Wars, Britain blockaded St. Thomas and later occupied the island.
1802 - St. Thomas was returned to Denmark.
1803 - Slave trade abolished by the Danes.
1807 to 1815 - Britain again occupies th Danish West Indies.
1815 - The islands were restored to Demark.
1848 - A slave revolt on St. Croix. Governor Peter von Scholten declared the emancipation of slaves.
The economy of the islands disintegrated.
1861 to 1865 - During the American Civil War, the USA began to negotiate with Denmark for the
purchase of the Virgin Islands in order to establish naval bases in the Caribbean.
1866 - Fire destroyed a large part of Christiansted.
1867 - An earthquake and tsunami hit the island, which affected the economy.
1871 - Capitol moved from Christiansted to Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas.
1872 - A destructive hurricane hit the island.
1875 - The Danish government loaned the island money to build a sugar factory.
1876 - Another hurricane hits the island, causing more economical problems.
1878 - Labor riots; Frederiksted partly burned.
1892 - More riots.
1915 - Labor union formed.
1917 - U.S. purchased the islands from Denmark for $25,000,000.00. At first the islands were
administered by the Navy. (At the time, Germany was also interested in the islands.)
1927 - Citizenship granted to all residents of USVI.
1936 - Organic Act of the USVI passed by Congress making the islands an organized, unincorporated
1946 - William Henry Hastie became the first appointed black governor to the islands.
1948 - Buck Island established as protected area.
1954 - Revised Organic Act providing a substantial amount of self-government. The governor was
appointed by Congress, the senate elected by residents.
1961 - President Kennedy made Buck Island a US National Monument
(Buck Island Reef National Monument).
1968 - Residents were given the right to vote for governor.
1969 - Melvin Evans became the first native born black appointed governor of the territory. In 1971,
he became the first elected governor, serving until 1975.
1972 - The Fountain Valley (now Carambola) incident. This incident affected the island's economy.
1975 - Cyril E. King became governor and served until his death in 1978. He was succeeded by
Lt. Governor Juan Luis.
1978 - Juan Luis was elected governor in 1978 and 1982. Alexander Farrelly was elected in 1986 and
again in 1990. Roy Schneider became governor after the 1994 elections.
1989 - September 17: Hurricane Hugo hit the island. The hurricane caused major damage.
1993 - Salt River became a National Park.
2001 - President Clinton expanded the Buck Island National Monument. Many opposed.
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