05/08/18, 08/19/18
May & June 2018 - WWWWW

On May 1st, I visited Washington, DC for the day with a group of individuals trying to get NY rent laws changed.  
Wetook the
Megabus, a double-decker bus, at 34th Street and 11th Avenue.  First, we visited the
National Building Museum, 401 F Street NW, for the Evicted Exhibit.  The exhibit brings Matthew Desmond's book,
Evicted: Povertyand Profit in the American City
(2016), to life.  It was a very moving exhibit.  After viewing the exhibit,
we had lunch and discussed what we got out of the experience.   I found the exhibit to be somewhat depressing but
by the end of the day, I was angry.  Is this really taking place?  In the US of A?  Homeless individuals all over D.C.?  
Many representatives from groups fighting to strengthen housing laws were present and so were representatives
from similar groups in DC.  After the discussion we headed to the
National Portrait Gallery, which is located in the
Smithsonian American Art Museum, 8th and F Street NW.  Below are some of the photos I took.  Due to the
difficulty in taking photos in the compact space with many people present some of the photos came out blurry.  
Some photos were enhanced, others were not used.  Most of the explanation given has been rewritten.
Inside Union Station, using different settings.  
Leaving Union Station.  Capitol
Outside Union Station
Two views of Union Station from a distance.
On our way to National Building Museum.  Cranes?  Construction taking place all over DC like in NYC.
Another Exhibit
By Casper Buberl, 1834 to 1899.  
Services of the Union in the Civil War:  Navy, 1883, plaster.
Pattern of floor covering.
Sun coming in through windows on upper floor.
Photos taken from 2nd and 3rd floors.

EVICTED

There's a knock at the door.  Whether or not the
belongings are packed, the kids are ready, or the
The eviction has begun: it's time to leave.

For a family being evicted, the event is a devastating
blow - a key link in a long chain of problems.  
Multiplied many times over, every single day, eviction
has become a national crisis.  More than two million
Americans receive eviction notices every year, each
with a unique story of loss.

Housing instability leads to problems at work and
school, health issues, and community disengagement
for children and families.  Eviction thereby affects
all of us, either directly or indirectly.

Eviction used to be rare in the United States, it is now
common.  This is a relatively new problem over the
past few decades, but it does not have to be a
continuing trend.  We have the tools to make a change.

There's a knock on th door.  It's time.

EVICTION NATION

There were over 2.4 million eviction filings in 2015.  
By comparison, this is almost equivalent to the
number of foreclosures starts at the height of the
housing crisis in 2009.

Forced displacement can happen in rural areas,
in suburbs, or in the midst of the city.  Some
jurisdictions have laws that help tenants and
landlords; other have more robust affordable
housing markets.  But eviction happens
everywhere.

Sociologist Matthew Desmond's Eviction Lab
project has accessed date on eviction filings from
every state and mapped them to give us a better
picture of the crisis for the first time.  Collecting date
on court-ordered evictions can help elected officials
and policy makers decide how to help families
stay home.
The bigger the box, the more evictions.

Right - WOMEN EVICTED BY RACE.  In case you can't
make out the numbers on photo:

4 of 60 White Women, 5 of 60 Hispanic Women, 12 of 60
Black Women
.
The vicious cycle:   
violence or other
crime, reporting crime
and police presence,
city/police department
notifies landlord,
eviction or threat of
eviction, loss of
housing.

LANDLORDS

In 2016, 37% of homes were sold to buyers who did
not live or occupy the property.  Landlords are
playing a new and significant role in the housing
market.In many metropolitan areas, such as
Washington,D.C., the majority of landlords are not
individuals, but rather large companies with
portfolios of several thousand units.

Landlords in poor neighborhoods can often make
more money than they could in more upscale
markets.  Sometimes they will raise rents in
anticipation of incurring losses.  They may also
save by foregoing upkeep and maintenance.

"Slumlord" is a derogatory term used to describe a
landlord who does not provide basic repair and
services to an apartment, while still demanding
regular rent payment.  These landlords know their
tenants have few options and may not complain
about housing quality for fear of risking eviction.

THE EVICTION

During a court-ordered formal eviction, a building
or apartment that was once a home transfer out
of the family's control.  Certain locations - including
Washington, D.C., - officially limit cold-weather
evictions, or avoid holidays.  But in most places,
when the eviction is scheduled, it goes forward.

The knock on the door brings forth the moving
company along with the sheriff or marshall, and
becomes an often emotionally violent moment in
which the place that was a shelter gets ripped away.

Eviction is not just about the loss of private space
and possessions.  It often leads to a spiral of hard
times, causing a domino effect on everything from
physical and mental health, to job performance and
school stability.  Eviction rips apart regular life,
disrupting not only home but also almost
everything else.

Eviction means starting over, over and over again.


STAYING HOME

The knock on the door has come and gone, but the
eviction is not - cannot be - where this story ends.

Stable housing affects every area of family and
community life.  Evicted families experience
devastating rates of depression, health issue, job
loss, and trouble at school.  Millions of people are
threatened or confronted with eviction every year
in our cities, towns, schools, hospital, and workplaces.  
Any conversation about poverty and social justice
must begin with a careful look at housing.

We know what can work to alleviate the crisis,
and some jurisdictions are already making changes.  
Among the needed policies are increased access
to housing vouchers and free representation for
tenants in court.  But available affordable rental
housing in the private market must increase.

Thousands of tenants will be evicted this week.  
Let's make sure help is on the way.

Please note:  Everything written above which is next to a photo was taken from the various displays.  
However, since the photos were not too clear, I have retyped the information.

It should be noted that tenants in NYC who are being evicted have the Right to Counsel.  Tenants who are being
evicted and cannot afford a lawyer will get free legal representation.  It is a program the City has put into place
that will be  available in all 5 boros in the next 5 years.  Right now it is being rolled in by zip codes.   

The problem in New York State is that all the housing laws favor the landlords.  These laws need to be
strengthened to close loopholes or completely abolished.  The laws that need to be changed are:  Preferential
Rent, 20% Vacancy Bonus, Vacancy Decontrol, and Major Capital Improvements.  Keep in mind that yearly the
Rent Guideline Board (RGB) affords the landlords yet another bonus every time they approve a rent increase.  
For about 2 years the increase for a one year lease was 0%.  The RGB should be done away with.

Even with programs that "help" tenants, the landlord does not lose anything.  Take the Senior Citizen Rent
Increases Exemption (SCRIE) as an example.  Though the rent is frozen, the landlord is paid the difference
between the actual rent and the frozen rent.  The landlord loses nothing.
Outside the National Building Museum
Shimomura Crossing the Delaware
Roger Shimomura (born 1939),Self portrait,
Acrylic on canvas, 2010
Third floor of Museum

Amy Sherald, a Baltimore-based artist, painted Michelle
Obama sitting in a floor-length gown, chin on her hand,
looking directly at the viewer with a calm, level gaze.
Portrait on 3rd floor.

Due to the number of people in the area, I had to take these photos from a distance.  Portrait on 2nd floor.

Kehinde Wiley painted Barack Obama sitting in a chair, elbows in his knees, leaning forward with an intense
expression. The background, typical of a Wiley painting, is a riotous pattern of intense green foliage.

The photos that follow were taken throughout the 2nd and 3rd floor of the Museum.
Paul Feeley,
Jack, 1966
Robert Arneson
35 Year Portrait, 1986

Luis Muñoz Marín, 1898-1980.  Born San Juan, Puerto
Rico.  A poet and journalist, Muñoz Marín founded the
Partido Popular Democrático (PPD) in the last 1930's.  
He became the island's first elected governor in 1948 &
was reelected three times.  This portrait by Francisco
Rodón, oil on canvas, 1974-1977, captures Muñoz Marín
in his later years.
William Jefferson Clinton, born 19 Aug 1946
by Chuck Close, born 5 Jul 1940,
Oil on canvas, 2006

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 1917-1963
by Elaine de Kooning, oil on canvas, 1963
The photo was taken sort of crooked due to the  
number of people in the area, it's straight on the wall
of the museum.


Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865,
born Harding County, Kentucky

Left:  Leonard Wells Volk (1828-1895) made this life
mask of Lincoln in 1860, before he began his run for
the presidency.  Volk had wanted to create a bust
but Lincoln did not have time to pose.  Plaster, 1917
cast after 1860 original.

Middle:  Looking at this case of Lincoln's face,
which appears gaunt and careworn, one may think
that it is a death mask, but in fact, it was taken from
life on February 11, 1865 by sculptor Clark Mills
(1815-1883), plaster, c. 1917 cast after 1865 original.

Right:  Soon after Lincoln won the Republican
presidential nomination, in May of 1860, sculptor
Leonard Wells Volk made casts of Lincoln's hands.  
The hand closest to face is grasping a sawed-off
section of a broom handle.  Plaster, c. 1917 after 1860
original



The Four Justices

Sitting:  Sandra Day O'Connor,
Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Standing:  Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan

In 1981, Sandra Day O'Connor became the first
womanto serve on the court.

Sonia Sotomayor was the first Hispanic to sit on
the Supreme Court

Painting by Nelson Shanks (1937-2015)
Oil on canvas, 2012
Sun shining on column
Courtyard
The National Building Museum seen from a block away (E St NW)
A block away from the museum.  Have no idea what building in center is.
Smithsonian American Art Museum
National Portrait Gallery
Union Station as we were heading to bus to return to NYC.  Have no idea who woman in photo is.
Sunset from the top deck of the Megabus.  Photo was taken from inside
the bus at a weigh station.  Could have been in Delaware.
At left, Vermont (VT) shows only 110.
If I am not mistaken, it's th least of the evictions
in the nation.

May 15th - A hot day but in the afternoon it got very windy and dark.  We had a downpour with thunder and
lightning.  In some areas trees fell, destroyed cars/homes and unfortunately a few fatalities.
And the rain came down!
Flushing Meadows Corona Park was almost not visible.
After the storm. - sunset
Taken on Queens Blvd.
Used Galaxy J7
Taken from Northern Blvd.
Used cell phone.

The evening of May 26th.   Date stamp not shown on photos.
Sunset setting, all photos except one on right (Auto).
Moon behind clouds.
Flushing Meadows Corona Park

May 29th - Manhattanhenge:  "...Sometimes referred to as the Manhattan Solstice, happens when the setting sun
aligns with the east-to-west streets of the main street grid. The term references Stonehenge, at which the sun
aligns with the stones on the solstices in England."   Half of the sun is visible from some of the streets in
Manhattan and other locations.  I dropped by 42nd Street to see the show.  Unfortunately, a cloud got in the way.  
Though the sun itself was not visible, I took the photos posted below.  The next time 1/2 of the sun will be visible
on 42nd Street will be July 13th.  On May 30th and July 12th the full sun will be visible.  Due to other commitments,
I was unable to return on May 30th for the full sun show.  I will have to wait until July.  
An incredible amount of spectators with cameras were present.
42nd Street, looking west
Times Square
Chrysler Building,
east 42nd Street

June 2018
116 Street Festival.  Puerto Rican pride!  June 9th
A mural

June 14th - A rally on the steps of the public library on 5th Avenue between 40th and 42nd Streets.  
From there we marched to 63rd Street and Park Avenue where Governor Cuomo was.  
The following photos taken with the J7 Samsung cell phone.

June 15th - A beautiful day!
An American Airlines jet flying over Flushing Meadows Corona Park
heading to La Guardia Airport

June 16th - Flushing Meadows Corona Park.  Summerstage:  Kool and the Gang performing  with Roxanne as MC.
I have no idea who is who in the group.  They still sound great.
The Rocket Thrower
Maloof Skate Park.
Skateboarders, skaters etc., of all ages.
Was once Astral Fountain
Bridge connecting north side of
park to the south side.
The Lake
Boats to rent
Melinda Katz
Queens Borough
President.
In pink top on
the left is
Roxanne.
Leaving the park.  A comfy looking hammock

June 24th - I took the 7 a.m. Megabus to Washington D.C. and spent the day mostly in the National Mall with my
friend Norwin.  I left D.C. at 7 p.m.  Trip each way takes about 4 hours.  It was a sunny, hot and humid day.  
Here are the photos I took.
Before we left 34th Street in Manhattan, it rained.  I sat in
seat two (reserved), right behind windshield, top deck.
The Delaware Memorial Bridge
Welcome to Delaware
Carnival Pride
Baltimore Harbor Tunnel
This car was in front of us when we stopped at a light.

What is the message?  You figure it out!!

"69 I love you".  

Is there a meaning behind the number 442?
Washington Monument from all angles.
Closed for repairs.
Lincoln Memorial
Man with green bag in left hand is Norwin.
Accidentally a setting on camera changed.  Photos were reduced in size.  Not to distort images, I will retain smaller size.

Above is what's written above Lincoln's head.

To right, the Gettysburg Address.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Lei Yixin became the official
sculptor in 2007.
Washington Memorial from inside the Martin
Luther King, Jr Memorial
Jefferson Memorial
National Museum of African American History and Culture
(NMAAHC) as seen from World War II Memorial
Dress worn by Celia Cruz

Left - Reminded me of the desks used when I went to school.  Our desks were nailed to a 2x4.  
Desks could not be moved individually.

Right - A view of from inside NAAHCM:  No idea what building in forefront is, capitol is in background.
Capitol
Metro, Red Line.   Platforms/staions are air conditioned.  
Lights at the edge of platform floor flash when train entering station.
White House
Leaving D.C.  Right mural seen exiting 4th Floor of Union Station.  
Dark clouds eventually produced rain.
At one point, there
were 2 rainbows.
My friend Norwin.  He was my tour guide for the day.  
It was great spending the day with him!  
Here we were in the Johnny Rockets restaurant in Union Station.

See next page, Page XXXXX, for the photos Norwin sent me of us together
which cannot fit on this page.
More photos can be seen on Page KKKKK